The Galapagos Islands are a living museum of evolutionary changes. Free and fearless animals, which are unique worlwild, make visitors wonder about their very existence on our planet.
The Galapagos Islands are declared as a World Natural Heritage Site and World Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO. Among the animals found in the Galapagos, the most recognized are the different species of Galapagos giant tortoises because the Island is named after them.
Also, a very big variety of birds are found in the Galapagos. Some of them are: the blue footed, red footed and masked boobies, flamingos, albatrosses, frigate birds, unique small penguins and 14 different species of finches. These various species of finches serve as proof of Darwin’s theory of evolution and natural selection, actually it was here where he began he investigation about changes in species which concluded in the theory of evolution.
Marine mammals such as sea lions, dolphins and whales are also found; as well as multitudinous colorful fishes.
The origin of the Galapagos Islands is volcanic. The islands appeared from lava eruptions that came from the bottom of the ocean and that rose as much as 2.600 ft. above sea level. Lava from more than 2.000 craters has continuously altered the terrain of the region.
In 1959 the Government , along with the Charles Darwin Foundation, UNESCO, and other international scientific organizations, established a biological research station on the islands. All tours take you to a visit of the Station. Scientist greet visitors while they instruct on the marvels of the islands.
GALAPAGOS MARINE RESERVE
The interior waters of the Galapagos Islands, plus those within 40 nautical miles measured from the baseline of the Archipelago, were declared the Galapagos Marine Reserve on 1994. This is the only protected coastal marine area in the east Pacific, and the second largest Marine Reserve in the World. It holds approximately 51.351 square miles of the interior waters of the Archipelago. There are many areas with small submarine volcanoes, which are important feeding zones for marine birds and mammals. The submarine area of Galapagos (0 to 590 ft. deep) is of 2.587 square miles.
The best way to visit the Galapagos Islands, and the best way to enjoy the wonders these beautiful islands have to offer, is by taking a cruise. With a cruise one gets to know different and more islands of the Galapagos than one would see by any other way. This means the traveler sees a bigger amount of biodiversity, animals, landscapes and attractions. By taking a cruise, one enjoys the Galapagos Islands in the day, and travels by nights, allowing people and families to discover all of the amazing things the Galapagos Islands have to offer.
The Galapagos Cruises would make your trip unforgetable.